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Mosquito-borne diseases in Australia
Mosquitoes are bloodsucking insects that can cause significant nuisance throughout Australia. Mosquitoes are also capable of transmitting a number of human diseases such as Australian encephalitis (AE, formerly known as Murray Valley encephalitis), epidemic polyarthritis (EPA, often referred to as Ross River fever) and dengue. Two diseases (malaria and filariasis) have occurred in the past and malaria has the potential to re-establish should it be reintroduced to favourable areas.
The most common mosquito-borne diseases in South East Queensland are Ross River virus (RRV) and Barmah Forest virus (BFV). Other mosquito-borne diseases which could be introduced to the area include Malaria, Human Filariasis, Australian encephalitis (AE), Dengue and Japanese Enchepalitus. Heartworm in dogs is also transmitted by mosquitoes.

The most common mosquito vector in Australia is Aedes aegypti which is the Dengue vector.
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